What you Need to Know About Glaucoma

Glaucoma may be one of the biggest threats to the vision of those in home care in Potomac MD, but many still know very little about the condition.

That’s perhaps not surprising considering a recent survey by the Glaucoma Research Foundation found the nearly a quarter (24%) of the United States’ adult population hasn’t visited an optician in the last two years. Prevent Blindness America estimates that around half of the four million Glaucoma sufferers in the United States aren’t even aware they suffer from the condition.

What makes these statistics so hard to swallow is that while Glaucoma is an incurable condition, there are a number of preventative treatments that can slow the spread of the condition instantly.

To help make you aware of some of the facts around the condition, we’ve compiled a quick FAQ of everything you need to know, below:

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a group of conditions that cause a buildup of pressure within the eyes, which if left untreated, can lead to blindness.

The most common form of the condition, open-angle glaucoma, occurs when the eyes’ drainage channels become blocked. As a result, any fluid in the eyes is unable to drain at the required speed. Over time, the buildup of fluid puts pressure on the eyes, resulting in the optic nerves becoming damaged. The nerve is responsible for transmitting signals from the retina to the brain, so any damage has a long-lasting effect on a person’s vision.

What Causes People to Get Glaucoma?

Currently, there aren’t any links to lifestyle factors that increase or decrease your chances of developing glaucoma.

Age is the number one cause of developing the condition, with one in ten over the age of 70 having glaucoma in the United States.

Other main factors researchers have found that relates to the condition include ethnicity and preexisting illnesses. African Americans, for example, are up to eight times more likely to develop glaucoma than Caucasians, while diabetics are also susceptible to certain forms of the condition.

What are the Treatments?

The simplest way to treat the condition is through eye drops, which can help to break down the blockages in the eyes and reduce the production of fluid the same time.

Posted In: Senior Care