What you Need to Know About Glaucoma
No other condition poses a greater threat to a senior’s vision in older age than glaucoma, a naturally occurring disease that slowly chips away at the eye’s optic nerve.
The condition is a result of the eye being unable to drain away fluid quickly enough due to the spongy tissue next to the cornea and iris becoming blocked. The excess liquid then puts substantial pressure on the eye, causing it to damage the fibers at its weakest point surrounding the optic nerve.
The nerve is the part of the central nervous system and is responsible for carrying visual signals back to the brain. Once the nerve becomes too damaged, it can result in permanent blindness.
As there is currently no cure for the condition, prevention is hugely important. By visiting their optician at least once a year, seniors in home care in Bristol CT will give themselves the best possible chance of enjoying their vision long into their later years.
Who’s Most at Risk of Getting the Condition?
At the present time, doctors are unable to pinpoint any lifestyle factors that relate to the disease. Instead, pre-existing conditions, heritage, and age play a large role in a person’s likelihood of suffering from the condition.
Some of those most at risk include:
Those over the age of 40 – although one form of the condition can occur in infants, the majority of cases of glaucoma are related to a person’s age.
Those that have a family history of glaucoma – doctors aren’t 100% sure that the condition is hereditary, but they do believe that your chances of developing the disease increase if someone in the family has had it previously.
Those of Asian, African or Latino descent – research from the American Academy of Ophthalmology recently revealed that African-Americans are six to eight times more likely to suffer from glaucoma than their Caucasian counterparts.
Those with Diabetes – neovascular glaucoma is one of the least common forms of the disease but is regularly seen in people with diabetes. It occurs when abnormal blood vessels begin to grow on the iris, increasing pressure on the optic nerve.
How can I find out if I have Glaucoma?
Most common forms of glaucoma are only discoverable using specialist equipment, so a visit to the opticians is necessary if you want to make sure that you don’t have the condition.
Can it be Treated?
Yes. Although an optician won’t be able to repair any damage already done, they will be able to prescribe you eye drops to aid the eyes in breaking down any blockages. This will then help to prolong your vision for many more years to come.